February 28, 2019
J Diagn Treat Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2021;3:52–75.
Under a Creative Commons license
Kilipiris EG, Pavlik S, Horn F, Kabat M. Three-dimensional computed tomography imaging in the evaluation of the child with craniosynostosis: study of 60 patients. J Diagn Treat Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2019;3(2):52−75.
Purpose: The aim of this article is to describe and illustrate the appearance of craniosynostosis on CT scan images.
Methods: A total of 60 children during the years 2014-2018 were included. The medical and radiographic records of patients less than 3 years of age, clinically diagnosed with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis were studied. They underwent CT imaging examination in order to confirm the diagnosis and to accurately establish the surgical treatment plan.
Results: The high diagnostic performance of CT with 3D surface-rendered reconstructions was pointed out together with the most common findings.
Conclusion: 3D CT appears as the imaging modality with the best diagnostic performance in children with craniosynostosis. However, large prospective studies and further research are needed, in order to clearly define the role of 3D CT and minimize the unnecessary exposure of infants to radiation.