Surgical Reconstruction and Rehabilitation of Midface Defects using Osseointegrated Implant-supported Maxillofacial Prosthetics

John M. Lea, ... Anthony B. Morlandtd more
a John M. Le

DDS MD; Resident, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery – School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. Correspondence: John M. Le, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, SDB 419, 1919 7th Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. E-mail: ORCID: Instagram: @surgeon_foodie ResearchGate:

b Yedeh P. Ying

DMD MD FACS; Assistant Professor, Section of Oral Oncology – Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. E-mail:

c Michael T. Kase

DMD; Assistant Professor, Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics – School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. E-mail:

d Anthony B. Morlandt

DDS MD FACS; Associate Professor, Chief Section of Oral Oncology, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery – School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. E-mail:

January 26, 2022

J Diagn Treat Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2022;6:9–25

Under a Creative Commons license


Le JM, Ying YP, Kase MT, Morlandt AB. Surgical reconstruction and rehabilitation of midface defects using osseointegrated implant-supported maxillofacial prosthetics. J Diagn Treat Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2022;6(1):9–25.


Midface defects can be life-changing, both functionally and psychologically, for the affected patient. Additionally, restoration of form, function, and aesthetics can be challenging for the reconstructive surgeon. For defects affecting facial subunits such as the nose and orbit, a maxillofacial prosthetic can both obturate the defect and achieve aesthetically pleasing outcomes. Osseointegrated implants placed into sound bone at the defect site allows the maxillofacial prosthodontist to optimize prosthesis retention without the need for adhesive or a mechanical device. In this article, we will share our multidisciplinary treatment protocol and outcome for addressing large midface defects using osseointegrated implant-retained maxillofacial prosthetics. Finally, we will also share our experience and challenges in the incorporation of digital technology in the prosthetic processes of the treatment plan. In the evolving digital age, rapid prototyping technologies have provided the reconstructive surgeon and maxillofacial prosthodontist the ability to accurately plan and execute predictable and reproducible results for a complex array of maxillofacial defects.


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