Prevalence of Aphthous Ulcer in Students of Ras Al Khaimah College of Dental Sciences

Hala Zakariaa, Mahra Al Awadhib more
a Hala Zakaria

PhD, Professor, RAK College of Dental Sciences, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates. Department of Oral Radiology, Diagnosis & Medicine in RAK College of Dental Sciences. RAK Medical & Health Sciences University. Khuzam Road, Seih Al Burairat. Ras Al Khaimah 12973, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Tel.: +971 7 2222593 (130) Fax: +971 7 2222634 E-mail address: hala.zakaria@rakmhsu.ac.ae

b Mahra Al Awadhi

BDS Student, RAK College of Dental Sciences, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates

March 30, 2018

DOI: 10.23999/j.dtomp.2018.1.2.

J Diagn Treat Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2018;2:10−24.

Under a Creative Commons license

How to cite this article

Zakaria H, Al Awadhi M. Prevalence of aphthous ulcer in students of Ras Al Khaimah College of Dental Sciences. J Diagn Treat Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2018;2(1):10−24.

Abstract

Purpose: Recurrent aphthous ulceration (RAU) is a common oral mucosal disease. RAU are painful ulcerations in the oral cavity that can cause bad breath and typically cause craters in the mouth. They are the most common type of lesions found in the oral cavity. The etiological involves in genetics, vitamin deficiencies, trauma, immune dysfunction and stress. This study was to explore the related risk factors of recurrent aphthous ulceration among dental college students.


Material and Methods: We conducted a questionnaire survey among 80 students from the Ras Al Khaimah College of Dental Sciences (RAKCODS). The information collected includes report the prevalence, knowledge, experience and risk factors of aphthous ulcer in a sample of RAKCODS students.


Results: The overall prevalence of RAU is 33 (41.25%) students reported of ever experiencing of RAU, however 47 (58.75%) students reported of never having had any experience.


Conclusion: According to the results, there are many predisposing factors of RAU including sex, a positive family history and stress. Some measures should be taken to control the incidence of RAU which consist
of prompting a correct way of living habits, paying attention to the health conscious diet, strengthen physical exercise, self-decompression and keeping good mentality.